Purified water is a different story. It is usually produced by distillation, de-ionization or reverse osmosis. This water can originate from either the tap or from ground water. Often labeled "purified" or drinking water," this processed water often has minerals added to it to give it taste.
There are more than 3,600 brands of bottled water available. Many now come packed with vitamins, minerals, probiotics, flavors, and natural and artificial sweeteners.
The various types of bottled water are sourced from:
- Well water (water found underground that is trapped by rocks or sand)
- Spring water (collected at the source of a spring)
- Groundwater (mineral water contains natural minerals dissolved from the source)
- Distilled water (collected from the steam of boiled water)
- Purified water (water from anywhere, but it is treated to remove chemicals).
Evian, Perrier, and Vittel come from natural springs in France. FIJI Water comes from a source in the Yaqara Valley of Viti Levu, one of Fiji’s two principal islands, and is now the number one imported bottled water in the United States. San Pellegrino comes from mountain springs in Italy. Mountain Valley Spring Water comes from Arkansas. Saratoga springs comes from New York and is injected with additional carbonation during bottling. Everest water comes from Texas, Glacier Mountain comes from Ohio, and only about a third of Poland Springs water comes from the actual Poland Spring, in Maine.
Aquafina and Dasani use tap water and treat it. In fact, Aquafina, was recently forced to change their labels to reflect the true source of their water: Public Water Source, in other words, tap water. Coca-Cola bottling plants, which produce Dasani, use 1.63 liters of water for every liter of beverage produced in California.
The following are bottled water brands who refuse to release the location of their water source.
Big Y Natural Spring Water
Cool Springs Purified Drinking Water
Crystal Clear Bottled Water Purified Drinking Water
Deja Blue Purified Drinking Water
Floravita 2000 Super Aqua Ultrapure Premium Water
H20m Natural Spring Water
Kroger Distilled Water
Nursery Purified Water
Publix Drinking Water
Smart Sense Purified Water
Sunnyside Farms Purified Water
Trader Joe’s Electrolyte Enhanced Water
Vintage Natural Spring Water
Voss Artisian Water
Whole Foods Italian Still Mineral Water
365 Everday Value Spring Water
The International Bottled Water Association lists more than 20 brands of bottled water that contain fluoride. A few of the brands are Arrowhead, Deer Park, Hinkley Springs, Nursery Water, Ozarka, and more. DS Services and Nestle Waters North America are the most common manufacturers listed.
A new type, Alkaline water, also called ionized water has claimed health benefits. However, researchers have not yet verified claims that alkaline water can cure illnesses or prevent certain conditions. Most doctors agree more studies are needed.
The consensus between the two main water quality regulating groups EPA and EWG, and health research is that bottled water is inferior in quality to tap water. This is due to the extreme filtering process and type of disinfection used.