Aug 6, 2009
Title, Gross Dollars (millions), Year Released
1 Titanic $1,842.9 1997
2 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King $1,119.1 2003
3 Pirates of the
4 The Dark Knight $1,001.9 2008
5 Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone $974.7 2001
6 Pirates of the
7 Harry Potter and the Order of the
8 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers $925.3 2002
9 Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace $924.3 1999
10 Shrek 2 $919.8 2004
Almost 150 years later, Elvis Presley put it to music in 1963 when he sang "Finders keepers, losers weepers. The loser has to pay the score."
An international team, led by Oxford University scientists, report that a short pulse from the FLASH laser ‘knocked out’ a core electron from every aluminum atom in a sample without disrupting the metal’s crystalline structure. This turned the aluminum nearly invisible to extreme ultraviolet radiation.
''What we have created is a completely new state of matter nobody has seen before. We have turned ordinary aluminum into this exotic new material in a single step by using this very powerful laser. For a brief period the sample looks and behaves in every way like a new form of matter." said Professor Justin Wark of Oxford University’s Department of Physics, one of the authors of the paper.
The discovery was made possible with the development of a new source of radiation that is ten billion times brighter than any synchrotron in the world. The FLASH laser, based in Hamburg, Germany, produces extremely brief pulses of soft X-ray light, each of which is more powerful than the output of a power plant that provides electricity to a whole city.
The Oxford team, along with their international colleagues, focused all this power down into a spot with a diameter less than a twentieth of the width of a human hair. At such high intensities the aluminum turned transparent.
Whilst the invisible effect lasted for only an extremely brief period – an estimated 40 femtoseconds (A femtosecond is one millionth of a nanosecond or 10 to the minus 15th of a second. For comparison, a millisecond is one thousandth of a second).
Professor Wark added: ‘What is particularly remarkable about our experiment is that A report of the research, ‘Turning solid aluminium transparent by intense soft X-ray photoionization’, is published in Nature Physics.
Armstrong willingly took a backseat to Contador and put the team before his own needs assisting the 26-year-old Spaniard in winning the Tour de France this July. Armstrong put his aspirations for a eighth Tour victory on the backburner, but most certainly has his eyes on the prize in 2010.