Showing posts with label Red Blood Cell. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Red Blood Cell. Show all posts

Feb 7, 2014

Ten Amazing Body Facts

  • An average red blood cell lives for 120 days.
  • There are about 2.5 trillion red blood cells in your body at any moment.
  • A red blood cell can circumnavigate your body in under 20 seconds.
  • Nerve Impulses travel at over 400 km/hr (25 mi/hr).
  • A sneeze generates a wind of 166 km/hr (100 mi/hr), and a cough moves out at 100 km/hr (60 mi/hr).
  • Our heart beats about 100,00 times every day.
  • Our blood travels about 60,000 miles each day.
  • When we touch something, we send a message to our brain at 124 mph
  • The life span of a taste bud is ten days.

  • There are more living organisms on the skin of a single human being than there are human beings on the surface of the earth.
  • Jun 9, 2011

    Nanotechnology and Nanoparticles

    These tiny little things are used in all sorts of things we never hear about, but are changing our lives. Nanotechnology is a broad term that covers many areas of science, research, and technology. In its most basic form, it can be described as working with things that are small. Things so tiny that they can't be seen with standard microscopes. The same stuff that has always been there, but we just couldn't see it.

    Here is a comparison - A nanoparticle size is compared to an ant as an ant is compared to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

    More relative sizes: (nm is nanometer)
    The head of a pin 1,000,000 nm across  You can see these with your eyes unaided
    The page of a book 100,000 nm thick
    A human hair 40,000 nm thick
    A red blood cell 7,000 nm across You can see these using a light microscope
    DNA molecule  2 nm wide
    Most atoms  0.1–0.2 nm

    During the next 20 years, nanotechnology will touch the life of nearly every person on the planet. Below is a guide to uses for some of these nano wonders.

    Quantum dots
    - are made of semiconducting molecules, they glow fluorescently and are great at absorbing light. Used for more efficient solar cells and microscopy dyes for cell biology research.

    Silica - silicon dioxide nanoparticles enable so-called shear thickening fluid to become stronger on impact. Used for stab-resistant Kevlar for body armor.

    Zinc oxide - tiny crystals stop UV radiation and are toxic to microscopic life. Used for UV-resistant packaging, sunscreen, and paint and textiles that inhibit bacteria and fungi.
    Nano barcodes
    - bits of various metals linked into tiny wires make good tags for microscopic things. Used for tracking DNA and cells.

    Lithium iron phosphate - particles organize themselves into an anode, which allows batteries to charge and deliver power extremely quickly. Used for electric cars, power tools.

    Iron oxide - mini magnets can stick to certain chemicals. Used for steering cancer drugs and genes to targets in the body while minimizing collateral damage. Sometimes smaller is better.